World War Ii Ebooks Catalog

Alive after the Fall Review

Read alive after the fall to learn how to survive any kind of disaster you may face in the future. You will learn how to live off the grid and how to survive the most horrible scenarios your country may face. What medicine you must have for the emergency? How to find food and how to cook it? Many questions will arise in your head when you face the disaster but this guide will leave you prepared for the worse. The author AlexanderCain explains in details what disease spread in the dark times and what is the must have medicine. Alexander Cain also describes how to secure your car engine against EMP attack, and he teaches you about the most crucial electrical devices. How to save those electronic devices from EMP? The book teaches you how to build faraday cage in less than twenty five minutes to protect electronics from the EMP attack. Alexander also explains methods to prolong the shelf life of your food and medicine. When you read the bonus report you will learn how to survive nuclear attack and chemical attack. In last chapter Alexander explains how to get food and how to cock it without using electricity or gas. Read more here...

Alive after the Fall Review Summary

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4.8 stars out of 34 votes

Contents: Ebooks
Author: Alexander Cain
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My Alive after the Fall Review Review

Highly Recommended

This is one of the best books I have read on this field. The writing style was simple and engaging. Content included was worth reading spending my precious time.

When compared to other e-books and paper publications I have read, I consider this to be the bible for this topic. Get this and you will never regret the decision.

Jumpstart Liberty Review

The world faces different forms of natural disasters such as earthquakes, volcano blast, and many others. On the other hand, the world might also face man-made disasters such as nuclear war, cold war or even electromagnetic pulse (EMP). In a case of any of the disasters striking, you would love to see your friends and family safe from the danger. These disasters, not only affects the country citizens but also the economy. Therefore, you might need ideas on how to do be safe. That is why you need the Jumpstart Liberty book. It is a well-drafted guide, which gives out vital information on ways in which you can handle yourself, your family and friends, in case of the tough moments ahead. The book is written by Ken White, with a view of helping us access several survival tricks with minimal struggle and problems. This is a fantastic guide that will prove handy in the hour of need. Get a copy today and learn how to face unforeseen occurrences. Read more here...

Jumpstart Liberty Review Summary

Contents: Ebooks
Official Website: jumpstartliberty.com
Price: $39.00

Considering Deliberate Extinction

After World War II, in the United States and elsewhere, however, medical experiments continued to be done on people without their knowledge. Some prisoners and black men were allowed by researchers to suffer diseases after treatments were discovered in order to see what would happen if they were not treated. In 1979, a U.S.-government appointed group issued the famous Belmont Report, which laid down a new framework of rules for medical ethics that is used to this day.

Monitoring Blood Banks

In the early 1900s, researchers found ways to store donated blood for several days after collection. The first official blood bank was started in 1932 in a hospital in Leningrad, Russia. Five years later, Bernard Fantus set up the first United States hospital blood bank at Cook County Hospital in Chicago, Illinois. In 1940, the United States government established a nationwide blood collection program with the American Red Cross. By the end of World War II in 1945, the American Red Cross had collected thirteen million units of blood.

Surgery as a Cancer Therapy

But where was the experimental justification by which so many people were cut open, or even cut in half, in the name of radical surgery There was an almost complete lack of controlled studies. Naturally, we can hardly demand randomized trials from an era in which they were all but unknown. However, after World War Two, and especially after 1962, RCTs became routine in the pharmacological field, yet were still almost unknown in the arena of cancer surgery.

Historical Look at the Acceptance of Behavioral Genetics

In psychiatry and psychology, on the other hand, the growth in the acceptance of behavioral genetics has been enormous since the post-World War II period to the present. In her presidential address, Scarr cited political and economic changes as one cause for the greater acceptance of behavioral genetics. Surely, the intellectual pendulum swings from the Watsonian view that a child can be made into anything the parents desire to a Gesellian view of individual development as internally guided. Today, expert opinion lies more with contemporary scientific and public opinions. The source of such shifts in opinion lies more with the political and economic tides than with science per se (Scarr 1987, 228). Although Scarr emphasized forces external to behavioral genetics, we believe that forces internal to the field played an equal, if not greater, role in its acceptance by social science. In the period between 1930 and World War II, interest in genetic ideas in social science was already...

Historical Context

Brave New World, written in the post-World War I period of industrialization and the rise of fascism, derived from Huxley's fascination with science, medicine, and technology as well as from his concern for problems arising from their unchecked advances. Huxley drew Incredible advances in genetic engineering help infertile couples and eliminate inherited disorders such as Tay-Sach's disease, sickle-cell anemia, and Down syndrome. The ability to clone, or to duplicate, humans, almost as described in Brave New World, is here. With bio-technological advances begun when Watson and Crick identified the molecular code of DNA and continued with the Human Genome Project, ethical challenges follow. Some twenty-first-century bioethicists are asking the question, how soon we will forget World War II and the Nazi's eugenics-driven genocide

Penicillin Saves Nurse First

Chain and Florey's work also revealed that there were several different forms of penicillin. All of them worked in a similar fashion but, under a microscope, each looked slightly different. Medical persons gave a form of the drug called penicillin V to World War II soldiers who had infected cuts (wounds). This was a considerable achievement. Before the discovery of penicillin, minor wounds turned into serious bacteria infections that eventually caused death. The use of penicillin during the war helped save many lives. By the time the war was over, companies in the United States were producing 650 billion units of penicillin each month.

Literary Analysis

This analysis focuses on the social, political, economic, and religious aspects of the plague's effect upon the North African coastal town of Oran, Algeria, population 400,000. Camus was a World War II French Resistance fighter when he wrote The Plague. Its allegorical significance begins with the epigraph, setting the tone for the plague to symbolize the scourge of Nazism and to represent occupied France during the 1940s as well as all imprisonments, past, present, or future. Through linking plague and Nazism, Camus warns the reader to learn from history and the literature that encapsulates it. In an atmosphere of unrelenting gloom, his riveting novel asks us to consider the value of human life. It describes the course of a disease at its first inkling, to isolating the city from the outside world, to finally opening the gates almost a year later under the presumption the good fight has won over Each in his own way faces the plague's desolation, reflecting the conditions of World War...

Potential Etiologic Agents

BW Potential biological warfare agent and CW potential chemical warfare agent. Acute gastroenteritis Norwalk-like virus (vom-itoxin), Staphylococcus aureus toxinbw, Bacillus cereus toxin, all heavy metals (Hg, As). Noninflammatory diarrhea Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC), Vibrio cholerae, astroviruses, cali-civiruses (genus Norovirus), rotaviruses, adeno-viruses, Cryptosporidium parvum, Cyclospora cayetanensis.

Hippotherapy and Therapeutic Horseback Riding

Horseback riding as a therapy has been used for thousands of years. It was used in Greece in the fifth century B.C. to rehabilitate injured soldiers. Hippocrates wrote of horseback riding as a natural exercise. Similarly, wounded soldiers were treated with horseback riding in England during World War I.

Air and Water Pollutants

Air, water, and soil pollution is estimated to account for only 1 -4 of all cancers. A small percentage of lung cancer (less than 5 ) may be due to chronic inhalation of outdoor air pollutants such as industrial or engine exhaust chemicals. Indoor air pollutants such as secondhand smoke and radon are thought to be contributors, but this risk is most likely exaggerated (see below). In China and some other Asian countries, chronic inhalation of cooking oil smoke may be a causative agent of lung cancer.90 The contamination of the atmosphere by chlorofluorocar-bons (whose production is now banned in developed countries) in refrigerant and propellants has been implicated in destruction of the ozone layer and a resultant increase in skin cancer due to a lower filtering of UV irradiation from the sun. Occupational exposure to inhaled asbestos, such as occurred in Liberty Ship building in World War II, has been clearly linked to me-sothelioma.

Maximum Permissible Exposure Values for Electric and Magnetic Fields

Many institutions and organizations throughout the world have recommended safety limits for EMF exposure. These include the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) 5-8 , the National Radiological Protection Board (NRPB) of the United Kingdom 9-11 , the International Commission on Nonionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) 12-14 , the Swedish Radiation Protection Institute 15 , Health Canada 16 , and the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA) 17 . Table 3.1 shows various MPE values for EMF exposure 18-20 .

Pilates Method and the Physicalmind Method

The Pilates method and a variant of Pilates, the Physicalmind method, are two types of bodywork that are intended to increase flexibility and strength. The Pilates method was created during World War I by Joseph H. Pilates, a German inventor, boxer, and dancer. He developed the technique to help soldiers recover from war injuries. In the United States, Pilates has been practiced since the 1920s, and its popularity has grown during the past decade.

Dnadamaging Agents

The first nonhormonal small molecule to demonstrate significant antitumor activity in the clinic was a nitrogen mustard alkyl-ating agent. The evaluation of nitrogen mustards as antitumor agents actually evolved from observed effects of sulfur mustard gas used as a weapon in World War I. Mustard gas had been used because of its vesicant effect on the skin and mucous membranes, especially the eyes and the respiratory tract. In addition to this deadly effect, however, depression of the hemato-poietic and lymphoid systems was observed in victims. These observations led to further studies using less volatile nitrogen mustards. The first studies published in 1946 reported tumor regressions, a finding virtually unknown at the time, leading to the introduction of nitrogen mustard into clinical practice. Subsequently, less toxic and more clinically effective nitrogen mustard derivatives and other types of alkylating agents were developed for cancer treatment.

Overview And Brief History Of Cognitivebehavioral Group Therapy For Trauma Survivors

Published reports of group therapy for combat-related trauma date back 60 years to World War II (Dynes, 1945). Two events in the late 1970s greatly accelerated the development of trauma-related group therapy. First, a nationwide network of community-based Vet Centers was established to serve the readjustment needs of Vietnam veterans. Rap groups, led by counselors who themselves were Vietnam veterans, were featured in these centers (Sipprelle, 1992). Secondly, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was introduced into the psychiatric diagnostic system in 1980, and was followed by many studies that soon established commonalities in symptom manifestations and pathogenesis across survivors of different traumatic experiences.

Flower Power and Multiculturalism

Living in what they saw as the 'alternative society' to worldwide consumer capitalism, and their political and social networks were as intense (and as internationalist) as those of the 1790s, 1840s, 1890s, or 1930s. Some activists found to their great surprise that, although their grandparents or parents could not actually become 'hippies', they were more than capable of becoming 'Greens' or tree-savers, or protesting against world war, apartheid, or nuclear power. It was the ecological puritans of the 1960s who were the first to point out that there was a global environmental pollution problem. Their bible was Rachel Carson's Silent Spring (1962), which not only exposed the extent of the man-made chemical contamination of the environment, but warned of possible long-term consequences for human genetic mutation and destruction of chromosomes. At the same time the ecology-inspired principle of 'intermediate technology' and the 'Gaia' philosophy of a self-sustaining planet, originally...

Valerian Valeriana officinalis

Valerian has been one of the most widely prescribed herbs throughout history for the treatment of epilepsy. It was probably named after the Roman emperor Valerianus, who reigned from 253 to 260 a.d. The Roman doctor Galen called it phu because of its foul odor. Known as a tranquilizing agent for many centuries, it was the substance German folklore claimed that the Pied Piper used to charm the rats of Hamlin. (He used it to charm their children away, too, when the townsfolk refused to pay him.) In the sixteenth century, an Italian physician claimed that valerian cured him of epilepsy. In 1597, the herbalist John Gerard prescribed it for convulsions. Valerian was later used to treat shell shock during World War I and to calm civilians during bombing raids in World War II. It was in the U.S. Pharmacopoeia until 1946, and remains popular as a sleeping aid and tranquilizing agent in many herbal preparations in Europe.

The History Of Cancer Chemotherapy

The advent of modern chemotherapy originated during World War I, with the observation that soldiers who had been exposed to mustard gas, or sulfur mustard, experienced significant decreases in their white blood cell counts, specifically their lymphocytes. Krumbaar first described these findings in 1919, as he noted atrophy of lymphoid and testicular tissue, as well as bone marrow depression, in soldiers who had been subject to poisonings.1 This observation led investigators to take a closer look at nitrogen mustard, a compound closely related to sulfur mustard, as an antitumor agent. Various animal studies took place throughout the 1920s and 1930s, and advances in the use of nitrogen mustard as a topical anticancer agent were made.1 With the start of World War II, initiatives in chemical warfare again intensified. Further study of nitrogen mustard and related compounds suggested that the basic effects on cellular mechanisms could be compared to that of X-rays. A true breakthrough...

Eurofresh Farms Produce Hydroponic Tomatoes

In the late 1940s, American horticulturists Robert B. Withrow and Alice P. Withrow, of Purdue University, designed a practical hydroponic system. The U.S. and British militaries used hydro-ponic farms in World War II to feed their troops. They were used on islands where soil was not available and it was too expensive to fly in vegetables. Several commercial farms were established after the war, but most were not successful. Over the next two decades, hydroponic farms continued to develop in the United States and in such countries as England, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Spain, Sweden, and the USSR (what is now Russia).

Historical Conceptualizations

Starting with the Civil War, American conceptualizations of posttraumatic reactions were understood mostly as somatic physiological reactions, usually affecting the cardiovascular system. According to Hyams, Wignell, and Roswell (1996), proposed somatic physiological diagnoses were Da Costa syndrome irritable heart (Civil War), soldier's heart, neurocirculatory asthenia and shell shock (World War I), and effort syndrome (World War II). Attributing these reactions to organic causes had a number of sociopolitical implications Soldiers could avoid the stigma and sense of personal failure associated with mental disorders, and the military could ignore the need for psychological interventions. Sigmund Freud rebelled against the primary focus on organic explanations for psychopathology in vogue during that period. Because of his influence, psychological etiologies began to be proposed for understanding and treating psychopathology, in general, and posttraumatic reactions, in particular....

Underutilized Resource

The Jerusalem artichoke or topinambour (Helianthus tuberosus L.) is not only a fascinating species, but also one with an exceptionally colorful history. Over the past 300 years, interest in the crop has vacillated widely. During times of crop failure and food shortage (e.g., potato famine, during and after World War II) or high petroleum prices, a new round of interest in the crop's potential often occurs, all too frequently with only a limited understanding of the extensive body of literature already available. More recently, renewed interest has been spurred by its potential as a feedstock for the synthesis of a diverse cross section of new products, an awareness of its significant health benefits when included in human and animal diets, and the possibility of utilizing it for the production of biofuels. As a crop plant, the Jerusalem artichoke has languished behind most traditional crop species. Its production worldwide is not considered sufficient to be monitored by the Food and...

Agents Properties and Mechanisms

Agents Phosgene ( chlorine) caused 85 of gas deaths in World War I both gases are used extensively in industry, along with NO2. Properties More water-soluble chlorine forms a yellow-green cloud with pungent odor more insoluble phosgene hydrolyzes in mist, forming a white cloud with pleasant odor of freshly mown grass or hay.

Social And Selfhelp Movements

Numerous self-help groups in the United States were founded during the Depression era. Many more were begun after World War II. These groups involved individuals who banded together to meet their common financial, social, or personal needs (Lieberman & Borman, 1976). Movements of the era differed in several important aspects from earlier abstinence-oriented groups as follows

Cocaine and Methamphetamine

Although the argument often goes unchallenged in court, all drugs do not, by definition, produce impairment. Even though some US states define being under the influence as synonymous with the presence of any drug, some drugs do improve performance. In fact, low to moderate acute doses of cocaine and amphetamine can be expected to increase positive mood, energy, and alertness, especially in nontolerant individuals (74). It has been known since World War II that use of D-amphetamine can increase the ability to sustain attention for prolonged periods when performing monotonous tasks. For that reason, radar operators and pilots of both Allied and Japanese armies were issued supplies of amphetamine. Many of the performance tasks related to driving can be improved, at least in the laboratory, by treatment with stimulants (75). Although the results of one retrospective autopsy study suggest that methamphetamine users seem more likely to be involved in traffic accidents (76), a driving...

What Are the Characteristics of a Successful Clinical Trial

Since the end of World War II, clinical trials have been widely used throughout the industrialized world for the testing of new drugs and vaccines. After the well-known thalidomide disaster, and the consequent enhancement of the powers of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1962, the US government has required clinical trials before it will allow any new diagnostic procedures or therapeutic agents onto the marketplace. (As I shall explain below, this standard has been eroded in recent years.) But the development of RCTs primarily came from Great Britain before and after World War Two Major Greenwood (1880-1949) was an early biostatistician who deplored the sloppy substantiation of the claims of most clinicians. One of his students was Austin Bradford Hill (1897-1991). In 1937, the editors of The Lancet asked Hill to write a series of articles on the proper method of applying statistics to medical questions. These articles were later published as the classic work Principles of...

Preface to Volume

With supreme irony, the beginnings of modern cancer chemotherapy originated in chemical warfare. Autopsy findings from soldiers killed in the First World War by exposure to sulphur mustard gas led to the proposal in the 1940s that low doses of nitrogen mustard might cause regression of human lymphatic tumors. The pioneering success of this idea, albeit only equating to brief remission of disease, established the principle that rapidly growing tumors could be more susceptible to cytotoxic agents than normal tissues.

Chemoradiation

It was in the period of World War II that it was possible to induce lasting remissions and potential cures of hematological malignancies with nitrogen mustard (1), which was really the first chemotherapeutic agent put to widespread use in the treatment of malignant disease. Since that time, a multitude of other drugs have come and gone in the search for a cure. A few drugs appear to have found a more lasting place in the therapeutic armamentarium, including doxorubicin, cisplatinum, cyclophosphamide, and 5-fluorou-racil. A new generation of drugs with varied mechanisms of action has appeared in the last decade and also has the potential to remain as key in the treatment of cancers.

Diagnostic Evolution

Influential writings in the 1970s and 1980s about the clinical presentations of sexual assault and domestic violence victims led to the rape trauma syndrome and battered women syndrome designations (Burgess & Holmstrom, 1974 Walker, 1984). These newly recognized conditions, in tandem with research on the mental health of World War II prisoners of war, survivors of the Nazi Holocaust, and returning Vietnam veterans, led to greater realization of the generalizability of reactions to life-threatening stressors. During this time, the PTSD diagnosis was unveiled as an anxiety disorder in the third edition of the DSM (DSM-III APA, 1980). Criteria for the traumatic stressor and specific symptoms were organized into three clusters. Accounting for the range of potentially traumatic events, the stressor criterion was described as something generally beyond the realm of normal human experience that would evoke significant symptoms of distress in most people (p. 236). The DSM-III revision...

Emotional Engagement

Tional withdrawal has been consistently associated with relationship problems. Numbing, which involves restricted affect and detachment from others, has been identified as more difficult to treat than other symptoms of trauma and predicts distress in a survivor's relationships (Riggs et al., 1998). Emotional numbing was found to be significantly related to relationship difficulties, independent of the severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in World War II ex-POWs (Cook, Riggs, Thompson, Coyne, & Sheikh, 2004). Solomon et al. (1992) highlighted the alienation that emotional withdrawal can cause and suggested that combat veterans' withdrawal in their relationships leaves their partners lonely and vulnerable to a wide variety of psychological problems. For couples that have survived a sexual assault, Miller, Williams, and Bernstein (1982) found that partners have difficulties with emotional support and communication. In addition, survivors of CSA and their partners experience...

Mosquitoes

The major attempt to develop genetic control techniques for mosquitoes was undertaken by a Unit sponsored by the World Health Organisation and the Indian Council of Medical Research in Delhi during the early 1970s. The objective of the Unit was to determine the operational feasibility of genetic control techniques for the control or eradication of mosquito vectors, and the diseases they transmit, and the following vectors were targeted Culex pipiens fatigans, A. aegypti, and Anopheles stephensi (Ramachandra Rao 1974). Extensive work was carried out on many genetic systems including sterile males, cytoplasmic incompatibility, meiotic drive, and male-linked and autosomal translocations, and attempts were made to combine several of these approaches (see special issue of the Journal of Communicable Diseases 1974). Extensive field trials of several of these systems following many years of development were abruptly halted by a very aggressive press campaign that basically accused the Unit...

In Human Diets

Jerusalem artichoke tubers have been utilized as a staple or sustenance crop at various times and in diverse places other parts of the plant are not part of the human diet. Native Americans were the first to cultivate the crop and consume it in substantial amounts, as it originated in North America. After its introduction in 1607, it became for a time a major source of carbohydrate in the Western European diet, until the potato replaced it in the mid-18th century. It was again cultivated as a staple in Europe immediately after the Second World War, especially in France and Germany, due to a scarcity of potatoes. Today, the consumption of Jerusalem artichokes is much less than it has been in the past in the U.S. and Europe.

Dialysis

During World War II a Dutch physician, Dr. Willem J. Kolff, and his associates first successfully used an artificial kidney, although the longest they succeeded in keeping someone alive with no kidney function was 26 days. Their patients had acute kidney failure, usually as a result of injuries.

Great expectations

Between 1950 and 1984, world grain output rose an astonishing 260 percent, thanks to a combination of improved varieties, irrigation, artificial fertilizers, and chemical pest control. During the same period, the number of people on the planet almost doubled. Today, world population growth adds about 90 million new mouths to feed every year, while land degradation, pest resistance, pollution, and climate changes have slowed or leveled growth in crop production. In the early 1990s, world grain production per capita began to decline for the first time since the Second World War. There are many who believe that biotechnology may now be the only way to reverse this problematic new trend and maintain food supplies (Figure 4.1).

Nerve Growth Factor

A result of Mussolini's anti-Semitic ''Manifesto delle razze.'' Determined to continue her work, she set up a primitive lab in her basement and continued to do research even as the bombs fell during World War II. In some of her early studies she found that fewer nerve cells grew into an area where the chick limb bud had been eliminated, suggesting that limb end cells were releasing some trophic factor that stimulates nerve cell growth. A paper published on this topic caught Viktor Hamburger's eye and he invited her to Washington University in St. Louis in 1946 to continue her studies. Intrigued by Bueker's observation206 that mouse sarcomas transplanted to areas of the limb bud caused nerve cells to grow, she began to try to purify the trophic factor produced by the sarcoma cells. About that time, she began to collaborate with Stanley Cohen, a biochemist who was then at Washington University, on the purification. Initially, they found that the growth stimulatory material contained...

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