Hypothalamus and Pituitary Disorders

Hypothalamic and/or pituitary disorders can result from different kinds of lesions, most com monly tumours, trauma, congenital brain defects, infections or inflammation, radiation therapy, vascular damage or malformation, familiar disorders, granulomatoses.

In addition, they can originate from the hypothalamus or from suprahypothalamic structures and secondarily cause pituitary dysfunction, or take origin directly in the pituitary gland, most commonly when pituitary tumours develop [36] .

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