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pinealoma 66, 172 PION, see posterior ischemic optic neuropathy pituitary

- tumor 177 Placido disc 9 platyopsia 190

PMR, see polymyalgia rheumatica polycythemia 197 polymyalgia rheumatica

(PMR) 119, 120 polyopsia 190

positional (end gaze) nystagmus 276 positive scotoma 30 postchiasmal disease 48 posterior ischemic optic neuropathy

(PION) 119 postfixational blindness 8 PPRF, see paramedian pontine reticular formation prednisone 120, 132 presbyopia 65 pretectal midbrain 55 primary visual cortex 96 prolactinoma 176, 178 prolapsed intervertebral disc 62 prominent capillary hyperemia 103 prosopagnosia 82 protanomaly 80 protanope 76 protanopia 75, 77, 80 pseudo-abducens palsy 149 pseudo-lid retraction 130 pseudo-von Graefe sign 66, 145 pseudoabduction deficit 149 pseudoconcentric constriction 53 pseudoenophthalmos 135 pseudoexophthalmos 129 pseudohallucination 190 pseudotumor cerebri (see also idiopathic intracranial hypertension, IIH) 112, 113, 217, 221 psychogenic unilateral visual loss 12 pterygoid fossa 129 pterygopalatine fossa 129 ptosis 139, 230

- acquired 129

- congenital 129 pupil

- abnormal 230

- Adie's pupil 62

- Argyll-Robertson 67

- diameter 68

- paradoxical 67

- pharmacologic 66

- systematic examination 58

- tadpole-shaped 67

- tonic 62, 64, 65 pupillary

- dilation 9

- disorder

- diagnostic procedures 57

- escape 10

- light response 59

- mydriasis 65

- reflex 208

- sphincter paralysis 142

- testing 55 pupillomotor testing 248 pupillotonia 65 pursuit movement 164

- testing 164

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