Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

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Type 1 diabetes mellitus, previously called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, is a multisystem metabolic disease resulting from impaired insulin production that affects about 0.2% of the U.S. population, with a peak age at onset of 11 to 12 years, and the incidence is increasing. The disease is characterized by hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis. Chronic complications of type 1 diabetes include progressive atherosclerosis of arteries, which can lead to ischemic necrosis of limbs and internal organs, and microvascular obstruction causing damage to the retina, renal glomeruli, and peripheral nerves. These patients have a deficiency of insulin resulting from immune-mediated destruction of the insulin-producing P cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas, and continuous hormone replacement therapy is needed.

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Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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