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FIGURE 19-4 Mast cell activation. Antigen binding to IgE crosslinks FceRI molecules on mast cells, which induces the release of mediators that cause the hypersensitivity reaction (A, B). Other stimuli, including the complement fragment C5a, can also activate mast cells. A light photomicrograph of a resting mast cell with abundant purple-staining cytoplasmic granules is shown in C. These granules are also seen in the electron micrograph of a resting mast cell shown in E. In contrast, the depleted granules of an activated mast cell are shown in the light photomicrograph (D) and electron micrograph (F). (Courtesy of Dr. Daniel Friend, Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.)

FIGURE 19-4 Mast cell activation. Antigen binding to IgE crosslinks FceRI molecules on mast cells, which induces the release of mediators that cause the hypersensitivity reaction (A, B). Other stimuli, including the complement fragment C5a, can also activate mast cells. A light photomicrograph of a resting mast cell with abundant purple-staining cytoplasmic granules is shown in C. These granules are also seen in the electron micrograph of a resting mast cell shown in E. In contrast, the depleted granules of an activated mast cell are shown in the light photomicrograph (D) and electron micrograph (F). (Courtesy of Dr. Daniel Friend, Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.)

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