Ctla4

Naive T cell

Time after activation

FIGURE 9-8 Changes in surface molecules after T cell activation. A, The approximate kinetics of expression of selected molecules after activation of T cells by antigens and costimulators are shown. The illustrative examples include a transcription factor (c-Fos), a cytokine (IL-2), and surface proteins. These proteins are typically expressed at low levels in naive T cells and are induced by activating signals. CTLA-4 (not shown) is induced 1 to 2 days after activation. The kinetics are estimates and will vary with the nature of the antigen, its dose and persistence, and the type of adjuvant. B, The major functions of selected surface molecules are shown and described in the text.

Time after activation

Was this article helpful?

0 0
How To Win Your War Against Allergies

How To Win Your War Against Allergies

Not Able To Lead A Happy Life Because Of Excessive Allergies? Want To Badly Get Rid Of Your Allergy Problems, But Are Super Confused And Not Sure Where To Even Start? Don't Worry, Help Is Just Around The Corner Revealed The All-In-One Power Packed Manual Containing Ample Strategies And Little-Known Tips To Get Rid Of Any Allergy Problems That Are Ruining Your Life Learn How You Can Eliminate Allergies Completely Reclaim Your Life Once Again

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment