Antibody Responses To T Cellindependent Antigens

Many nonprotein antigens, such as polysaccharides and lipids, stimulate antibody production in the absence of helper T cells, and these antigens and the responses they elicit are termed thymus independent or T independent (TI). These antibody responses differ in several respects from responses to T cell-dependent protein antigens (Table 11-2). The antibodies that are produced in the absence of T cell help are generally of low affinity and consist mainly of IgM with limited isotype switching to some IgG subtypes and also to IgA.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
How To Bolster Your Immune System

How To Bolster Your Immune System

All Natural Immune Boosters Proven To Fight Infection, Disease And More. Discover A Natural, Safe Effective Way To Boost Your Immune System Using Ingredients From Your Kitchen Cupboard. The only common sense, no holds barred guide to hit the market today no gimmicks, no pills, just old fashioned common sense remedies to cure colds, influenza, viral infections and more.

Get My Free Audio Book


Post a comment