Delirium Dementia Amnestic Disorder And Other Cognitive Disorders

In DSM-III-R, delirium, dementia, amnestic disorder, and other cognitive disorders were included in a section called organic mental disorders, which contained disorders that were due to either a general medical condition or substance use. In DSM-IV, the term organic was eliminated because of the implication that disorders not included in that section (e.g., schizophrenia, bipolar disorder) did not have an organic component. In fact, virtually all mental disorders have both psychological and...

Encopresis Diagnosis

Encopresis is usually defined as the intentional or involuntary passage of stool in inappropriate places in the absence of any identified physical abnormality in children older than 4 years. The distinction is drawn between encopresis with constipation (retention with overflow) and encopresis without constipation. Other classification schemes include making a primary-secondary distinction (based on having a 1-year period of continence), or soiling with fluid or normal feces. Less than one-third...