Lead Skeletal Effects children

Saturn: The Roman god of agriculture and vineyards; red wines leach lead out of lead-glazed and leaded glass decanters. Adults > children. Increased renal uric acid excretion. Increased serum uric acid. Uric acid crystal deposition in joints (gouty arthropathy), kidneys (urolithiasis), and skin (tophi).

Reduced osteoblast and osteoclast function. Lead lines at pediatric metaphyses, long bones — results from initial arrested bone growth followed by rapid bone growth with hypermineralization.

Reduced bone growth and short extremities and stature in children.

Lead Cardiac Effects (adults)

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