Diabetic retinopathy is the most serious complication of diabetes in the eye and often reflects severe vascular disease elsewhere in the body. There are two kinds of diabetic retinopathy: background and proliferative. Background re-tinopathy is common when diabetes has been present for some years and is less of a threat to the sight than the proliferative variety. Diabetic maculopathy is a special form of retinopathy that can occur with either background or prolifera-tive disease. It is important that the doctor is able to recognise diabetic retinopathy and especially important that he or she should be familiar with the warning signs that indicate proliferative changes and significant maculopathy.
Diabetic retinopathy is essentially a small vessel disease affecting the retinal precapillary arterioles, capillaries and venules. The larger vessels can be involved. The vascular disease can take the form of vascular leakage or closure, with resultant ischaemia, or both.
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All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.