A better understanding of diabetic retinopathy has resulted from the use of more accurate methods of investigation, especially fluorescein angiography, and also the routine use of indirect ophthalmoscopy and slit-lamp microscopy. Serial fundus photography and the use of ultrasound have also been important. This better understanding and modern technology have led to more effective treatment so that the more severe ocular complications are now largely avoidable. Blindness tends to be limited to those cases where social or other circumstances make management difficult. Patient education is vital in order to maintain continuing improvement in visual prognosis for diabetics. After 20 years, 75% of diabetics will develop some form of retinopathy. About 70% of patients with proliferative retinopathy will progress to blindness if untreated in five years.

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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