Some diabetics have microcirculatory changes, for example conjunctival vascular irregularity and dilatation. Corneal ulcers in diabetics can prove particularly troublesome. Minor trauma
Table 21.1. Risk factors for diabetic retinopathy. O
to the cornea can lead to the formation of indolent chronically nonhealing or infected ulcers, which respond slowly to intensive treatment with local antibiotics. Inadequate treatment can lead to endophthalmitis and loss of the eye. This problem occurs especially in diabetics with severe vascular disease and typically in a patient who has had to have a gangrenous leg removed.
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Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...