Albinism

The lack of pigmentation might be limited to the eye, ocular albinism, or it might be generalised. The typical albino has pale pink skin and white hair, eyebrows and eyelashes. There is often congenital nystagmus. The optic fundus appears pale and the choroidal vasculature is easily seen. The iris has a grey-blue colour but the red reflex can be seen through it, giving the iris a red glow. Albinism is inherited in a recessive manner and can be partial or complete. Albinos need strong glasses to correct their refractive error, which is usually myopic astigmatism. Dark glasses are also usually required because of photophobia. Tinted contact lenses can sometimes be helpful.

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