Abnormalities of Refraction

Nowadays children whose vision is impaired because they need a pair of glasses are usually discovered by routine school testing of their visual acuity. They might also present to the doctor because the parents have noticed them screwing up their eyes or blinking excessively when doing their homework. Some children can tolerate quite high degrees of hypermetropia without losing visual acuity simply by exercising their accommodation, and unless there appears to be a risk of amblyopia or squint, glasses might not be needed. By contrast, even slight degrees of myopia, if both eyes are affected, can interfere with school work. Myopia does not usually appear until between the ages of five and 14 years, and most commonly at about the age of 11.

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