Synonyms: Dermatitis congelationis; chilblains; perniosis; erythema pernio.

Clinical Presentation (Fig. 9A):

■ Papules, papulovesicles, nodules, and ulcerations

■ Young persons usually

Histopathology (Figs. 9B and C):

■ Superficial and deep perivascular infiltrate of lymphocytes

■ Extravasated erythrocytes

■ Edema of the papillary dermis

■ Lymphocytes at the dermoepidermal junction often

■ Thrombi in the lumen and/or fibrin in the wall of vessels sometimes

■ Mucin in the reticular dermis

Clinicopathologic Correlation:


1. Ackerman AB, Boer A, Bennin B, Gottlieb GJ. Histologic Diagnosis of Inflammatory Skin Diseases. 3rd ed. New York: Ardor Scribendi, 2005.

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How To Deal With Rosacea and Eczema

How To Deal With Rosacea and Eczema

Rosacea and Eczema are two skin conditions that are fairly commonly found throughout the world. Each of them is characterized by different features, and can be both discomfiting as well as result in undesirable appearance features. In a nutshell, theyre problems that many would want to deal with.

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