How to estimate the amount of supplies needed for a typhoid outbreak

(0.2% of the population expected to fall ill initially)

The table below gives you an estimate of the amount of supplies you will need according to the number of people in your area. To find the amounts needed for each item, look in the column under the approximate population of your catchment area to the nearest 5000. You may add several columns (e.g. if your health facility serves 35 000 people, add the amounts in the 10 000 and 5000 columns to those in the 20 000 column). Write the amount needed at your health facility in the empty column on the right. On the basis of drug resistance in your area, choose only one of the antimicrobial.

ITEM

Population (+ numbers expected to fall ill)

Your area

5 000

10 000

15 000

20 000

50 000

100 000

(10)

(20)

(30)

(40)

(100)

(200)

Rehydration supplies

ORS packets (for 1 litre each)

10

20

30

40

100

200

Ringer's lactate bags* 1 litre, with giving sets

1

2

3

4

10

20

Scalp vein sets

1

1

2

2

5

10

Antimicrobial

Chloramphenicol, 250 mg

2500

5000

7500

10000

25000

50000

Amoxicillin, 500 mg

1680

3360

5040

6720

16800

33600

(SMX 400 mg+TMP 80 mg )

840

1680

2520

3360

8400

16800

Cefixime, 200mg **

840

1680

2520

3360

8400

16800

Other treatment supplies

Large water dispensers with tap (marked at 5-10 litres)

1

1

1

1

1

2

1-litre bottles for ORS solution

1

1

2

2

5

10

0.5-litre bottles for ORS solution

1

1

2

2

5

10

Tumblers, 200 ml

1

2

3

4

10

20

Teaspoons

1

1

2

2

5

10

Cotton wool, kg

1/2

1

11/2

2

5

10

Adhesive tape, reels

1

1

1

2

3

6

Hand soap, kg

2

4

6

8

20

40

Box of soap for washing clothes

3

6

9

12

30

60

1-litre bottle of cleaning solution (2% chlorine or 1-2% phenol)

1

1

1

1

2

4

*Considering that less than 50% of the patients need IV rehydration. ** In case of multidrug resistance to above antimicrobial, choose Cefixime. Developed by WHO Global Task Force on Cholera Control

*Considering that less than 50% of the patients need IV rehydration. ** In case of multidrug resistance to above antimicrobial, choose Cefixime. Developed by WHO Global Task Force on Cholera Control

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