With Contributions From 222 Colleagues

George M. Garrity, Sc.D. Bergey's Manual Trust

Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics Michigan State University East Lansing, MI 48824-4320 USA

Library of Congress Control Number: 2005926296

ISBN-10: 0-387-24145-0 ISBN-13: 978-0387-24145-6

Printed on acid-free paper.

© 2005, 1984-1989 Bergey's Manual Trust

All rights reserved. This work may not be translated or copied in whole or in part without the written permission of the publisher (Springer Science+Business Media, Inc., 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013, USA), except for brief excerpts in connection with reviews or scholarly analysis. Use in connection with any form of information storage and retrieval, electronic adaptation, computer software, or by similar or dissimilar methodology now known or hereafter developed is forbidden. The use in this publication of trade names, trademarks, service marks, and similar terms, even if they are not identified as such, is not to be taken as an expression of opinion as to whether or not they are subject to proprietary rights.

Printed in the United States of America. (APEX/MVY) 987654321


This volume is dedicated to our colleagues, David R.. Boone, Don J. Brenner, Richard W. Castenholz, and Noel R. Krieg, who retired from the Board of Trustees of Bergey's Manual Trust as this edition was in preparation. We deeply appreciate their efforts as editors and authors; they have devoted their time and many years in helping the Trust meet its objectives.

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