• Manufacturer: Norland, a CooperSurgical Company, Ft. Atkinson, WI

• Skeletal regions studied:

PA spine Lateral spine Proximal Femur


Whole body with soft tissue composition

PA spine less than 1.5 minutes Hip less than 2 minutes Forearm less than 3 minutes Lateral spine less than 4 minutes Whole body 5 minutes

Percent young-reference and percent age-matched comparisons T-score and z-score sBMD (mg/cm2) for L2-L4 and total hip based on NHANES III reference data

PA spine 1% Hip 1.2% Forearm 0.8% Lateral Spine 2.4% Whole body BMD 1%

PA spine, hip, and forearm less than 1 mrem Lateral spine less than 5 mrem Whole body less than 0.1 mrem

• Dimensions: 103 x 48 x 51 in (261.6 x 122.0 x 129.5 cm)

• Recommended dedicated floor space: 10 x 7 ft (3.1 x 2.1 m)

• Operating environmental temperatures: 60° to 90° F (15° to 32°C)

• Operating environmental relative humidity: Up to 80%, noncondensing

• X-ray filtration: Eight-level automated samarium

• X-ray beam geometry: Pencil-beam

• Detectors: Two Nal detectors

• Scan path: Rectilinear

• Quality control: Automatic with supplied calibration standard and quality control phantom

• Operation: IBM-compatible computer with HP color DeskJet printer. DOS program with Microsoft® Windows™ resident

• Accessories provided:

77-step calibration standard Quality control phantom PA spine positioning block Hip sling with foot separator Lateral spine positioner Forearm positioner

• Options: Flat panel display; 17-in SVGA monitor; laptop configuration; research and small subject software

Fig. 13-13. The Schick accuDEXA™. A peripheral dual energy X-ray absorptiometer used to measured bone density in the phalanges. Photograph courtesy of Schick Technologies, Inc., Long Island City, NY.

• Manufacturer: Schick Technologies, Inc., Long Island City, NY

• Skeletal application(s): Middle phalanx of the long finger

Percent young-adult and percent age-matched comparisons T-score and z-score

Diagnostic classification based on WHO Criteria

• Dimensions: 14 x 15 x 14 in (35.56 x 38.1 x 35.56 cm)

• Environmental operating temperature: 70° to 85° F (21° to 29°C)

• Environmental operating relative humidity: 20 to 80%

Low energy 50 kVp, 0.5 mA High energy 70 kVp, 0.9 mA

• X-ray filtration (high energy only): zinc

• Quality control: Automatic, no user intervention required.

• Operation: Data input with touch pad on the device, data output with printer supplied by user (list of compatible printers available from manufacturer)

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