Alternative Medicine Ebooks
In fact, even the term and its definition are not entirely agreed on. In addition to complementary and alternative medicine, other frequently used terms are unconventional medicine and integrative medicine. The term complementary medicine refers to therapies that are used in addition to conventional medicine, while the term alternative medicine is used to describe treatments that are used instead of conventional medicine. Several studies have documented that CAM is used frequently in the United States. One well-known large study was conducted in 1997 and was reported in the medical literature in 1998 by Dr. David Eisenberg (1). In this study of more than 2,000 people, approximately 42 percent used some form of CAM. It was estimated that 629 million visits were made to practitioners of alternative medicine this was greater than the number of visits to all primary care physicians in that year. Nearly 20 percent of people were taking some type of herb or...
Eisenberg D, Davis R, Ettner S, et al. Trends in alternative medicine use in the United States, 1990-1997. JAMA 1998 280 1569-1575. 3. Barnes PM, Powell-Griner E, McFann K, et al. Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults United States, 2002. Adv Data 2004 343 1-20. 6. Marrie RA, Hadjimichael O, Vollmer T. Predictors of alternative medicine use by multiple sclerosis patients. Mult Scler 2003 9 461-466. 9. Shinto L, Yadav V, Morris C, et al. Demographic and health-related factors associated with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler 2006 12 94-100. 15. Thorne S, Paterson B, Russell C, et al. Complementary alternative medicine in chronic illness as informed self-care decision making. Int Nursing Studies 2002,9 671-683.
This book provides much detailed information about specific types of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). This information is intended to assist people in assessing CAM therapies for multiple sclerosis (MS). In addition to this specific information, some general ideas are important to understand and may be helpful in the CAM decision-making process
The Alternative Medicine Handbook. New York W.W. Norton, 1998. Ernst E, ed. The Desktop Guide to Complementary and Alternative Medicine An Evidence-Based Approach. Edinburgh Mosby, 2001. Freeman L. Mosby's Complementary and Alternative Medicine A Research-Based Approach. St. Louis Mosby, 2004. Institute of Medicine. Committee on the Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine by the American Public. Complementary and Alternative Medicine in the United States. Washington, D.C. National Academies Press, 2005. Navarra T. The Encyclopedia of Complementary and Alternative Medicine. New York Checkmark Books, 2005. Spencer JW, Jacobs JJ. Complementary Alternative Medicine An Evidence-Based Approach. St. Louis Mosby, 2003. Bowling AC. Complementary and alternative medicine in multiple sclerosis dispelling common myths about CAM. Int J MS Care 2005 7 42-44. Bowling AC, Ibrahim R, Stewart TM. Alternative medicine and multiple sclerosis an objective review from an American...
The Desktop Guide to Complementary and Alternative Medicine An Evidence-Based Approach. Edinburgh Mosby, 2001, pp.33-35. Fugh-Berman A. Alternative Medicine What Works. Baltimore Williams & Wilkins, 1997, pp. 182-187. Therapies. Springhouse, PA Springhouse Publishing, 2001, pp. 52-53. Navarra T. The Encyclopedia of Complementary and Alternative Medicine. New York
The use of vitamins, minerals, and other supplements is both popular and controversial. Surveys of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) indicate that the use of supplements is one of the most common forms of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Much of their popularity probably is due to their accessibility. Supplements are easily purchased from grocery stores, health food stores, and drug stores, and using supplements does not require seeing a practitioner.
Chiropractic medicine is one of the most popular forms of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in the United States. Chiropractors are the largest group of alternative medicine practitioners and the third largest group of health care professionals in the United States (after physicians and dentists). It is estimated that more than 160 million Americans visit chiropractors yearly.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common disease of the nervous system. Most people with MS use some form of conventional medical treatment. In addition, many people with MS also use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), which refers to unconventional medical practices that are not part of mainstream medicine. Despite the fact that CAM is used frequently and MS is a common neurologic disorder, it may be difficult to obtain accurate and unbiased information specific to the use of CAM for MS.
HH-omeopathy is one of the more controversial forms of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Much of the controversy is due to the fact that the basic principles of homeopathy are in conflict with many of the fundamental concepts of conventional medicine as well as those of chemistry, biology, and physics. In spite of these controversial ideas, homeopathy is, on a worldwide basis, one of the most popular forms of CAM.
editation is a type of mind-body therapy, a class of therapies that also includes biofeedback, hypnosis, and guided imagery. For thousands of years, meditation has been practiced in some form, especially in the context of religious practice. Also, meditation is one of several components of some complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies, including Ayurveda (which uses transcendental meditation or TM) and traditional Chinese medicine.
Cooling therapy is a unique form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) used for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Small decreases in body temperature may lead to relief of some MS-related symptoms. Cooling methods ranging from the simple to the complex have been developed. The use of cooling suits for MS was introduced in the United States in the early 1990s.
Exercise is not always classified as a form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Instead, it may be viewed as conventional medicine or entirely out of the realm of medicine, as a type of self-care or simply a component of one's lifestyle. Regardless of its formal classification, it is important to consider exercise because it is not always fully discussed during a conventional medical office visit, and it has significant health implications for people with multiple sclerosis (MS).
Today, the paths of science-based and alternative medicine practices are largely parallel and independent sometimes antagonistic, sometimes cooperative. Both paths have fostered many side roads. Both approaches have helped many and hurt some. A great challenge is to create a meaningful dialogue and exchange of ideas and lessons across the divide. Patients often integrate the two approaches. The roots of modern medicine lie in alternative medicine, defined as those practices that are not an integral part of conventional health care. Although physicians recognize that many drugs originated as herbal folk medication, from the medical perspective, an enormous gap remains between science-based and alternative treatments. Modern concerns over quackery are reflected in the existence of Quackwatch, Inc. (www.quackwatch.com), a corporation not affiliated with any commercial or industrial organization. This nonprofit corporation combats health-related fraud, myth, fad, and fallacy. Including...
The practicing ophthalmologist faces a common challenge on a daily basis A patient's vision is worse than was expected, based on the appearances of the initial examination. Usually, a renewed and more careful examination explains the discrepancy. Often, however, additional examination finds nothing to explain the conflicting findings. Time is limited, and one is tempted to refer the patient to a neurologist or another ophthalmic service. The diagnostic modalities available at the next site often lead to an unguided attempt at diagnosis when it is felt that some sort of explanation for the visual loss must be found. This scenario can be both expensive and dangerous, subjecting the patient to a random wandering through neurodiagnostic procedures. At the end of this process, the patient is unsatisfied and anxiety ridden and returns to the ophthalmologist or seeks the counsel of other physicians or even alternative medicine practitioners. If the ophthalmologist wishes to find the correct...
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is defined as those therapeutic interventions not widely established for use in conventional health care practice or incorporated into the standard medical curriculum (1). Although reports suggested that use of CAM has increased substantially in pediatric health care (2), estimates of CAM use for the treatment of children vary from
Phytotherapy is a form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) that uses plants to treat diseases, including epilepsy. The World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated that 80 of the world population uses some form of herbal medication, and it is estimated that greater than 50 of the United States population uses herbs for medicinal purposes, at a cost greater than 3 billion annually. Herbs and other forms of alternative therapy are most commonly used for chronic disorders that may not respond ideally to conventional forms of therapy. In addition, many patients have become disillusioned with the Western model of medicine. They are concerned about the potential toxic side effects and cost of artificially produced medications and would prefer to use natural remedies.
Sussman, Dent, and Lichtman (2000) designed an innovative school quit-smoking program that featured interactive activities, such as games and talk shows, alternative medicine techniques (i.e., yoga, relaxation, and meditation), and behavioral strategies for smoking cessation. Two hundred and fifty-nine students enrolled in the program at 12 schools and another 76 students served as standard care controls (smoking status surveyed at baseline and at 3 months). Objective measures of cigarette smoking were used. Elective class credit and class release time were offered for participation in the program.
Mistletoe (Viscum album L.) has been prescribed as a natural remedy by Hippocrates, by the Druids, and by Arabian physicians long before Rudolf Steiner in the 1920s promoted aqueous extracts from mistletoe for treating tumors according to so-called anthroposophical considerations.
During the 1950s, when scientific hospital-based medicine became widely accessible (and freely used the new wonder-drug penicillin and a whole range of new antibiotics), many people had thrown out their array of home remedies with apparent relief.39 After 1945 in Britain and elsewhere, what had remained of the old medical categories of the 'Institutes of Hygiene' were split administratively between scores of different government and university departments and sciences. Public health problems were now largely tracked by epidemiologists and social welfare analysts welfare agencies were hived off into separate departments of Social Services and layers of hospital-based regional and district health authorities were put into place. Other so-called 'ancillary' body services such as dentistry, chiropody, ophthalmology, midwifery, diet and nutrition, psychology, and physical and occupational therapy, slowly reorganized their professions and expanded their publicly funded work in separate...
Form the boundary line between conventionally proved treatments and those nonconventional treatments that are collectively referred to as conventional and alternative medicine (CAM). Any claims of effectiveness for CAM is routinely met with the rejoinder Where are the RCTs to support such approaches
The British Columbia Office of Health Technology Assessment reviewed the objective data regarding craniosacral therapy and found the evidence to be insufficient to support this therapeutic modality for any disorder (3). They used a three-dimensional evaluative framework (i) craniosacral interventions and health outcomes (ii) validity of craniosacral assessment and (iii) pathophysiology of the craniosacral system. They reviewed all published data in Medline, Embase, Healthstar, Mantis, Allied and Alternative Medicine, Scisearch, and Biosis from their start date to February 1999. Notably, one study reported mild negative side effects in 5 of outpatients with traumatic brain injury who received craniosacral therapy (4).
Caspi and his colleagues provide a valuable look at the vexing problem of proof. How do we determine if a standard or alternative complementary therapy actually works and is safe Western medicine has faced a challenging road to reach its current burden of proof. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) remains enormously popular among diverse segments of Western and non-Western societies. Proving the efficacy and safety of these techniques poses significant challenges. In part, the medical-scientific culture that defines mainstream medicine is different than the CAM culture that runs parallel and divergent from it however, when it comes to proof, we are left with few alternatives that eliminate the bias inherent in patients, caregivers, and scientific researchers.
One often hears the argument that complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) are marginalized because its practitioners fail to prove the value of their proposed treatments through RCTs. While clearly there is a great need for high quality RCTs in the CAM field, this assessment is not fair or accurate. A Medline search specifying articles on cancer, that was limited to both randomized controlled trials and complementary medicine, returned a total of 3708 items (accessed 27 May 2005). Even if highly inflated, this shows that RCTs do exist in the CAM field their number and quality are increasing with time.
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